By, Abhishek Mishra
BJP after going through a roller coaster ride for many years came into functioning existence in the year 1980. The original founder Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee was a Nationalist Leader and, freedom fighter and former union minister. The Bhartiya Jana Sangh advocated the rebuilding of India in accordance with Hindu culture and called for the formation of a strong amalgamated state. It aimed to suppress Congress ruling and operation which faded away with time until Vajpayee and Advani took it to a new direction of fallacies.
The ideology graved upon Hindutava that defined on the Indian values and culture and opposed the policies and practices of Indian National Congress. They camouflaged the real Hindutava philosophy to anti-racism leading to spread communalism across the country
In the late 1980s, the BJP brought the temple issue to the centerstage of national politics and became the political voice of the Ram Janambhoomi Mandir movement. The BJP began to have electoral success in 1989, when it capitalized on anti-Muslim feeling by calling for the erection of a Hindu temple in an area in Ayodhya considered sacred by Hindus but at that time occupied by the Babri mosque. In December 1992 the annihilation of the Babri Masjid, by VHP and RSS in association with the BJP led to a humongous repercussion against the party. Approximately 1000 innocent lives were lost in this act of communal war raised throughout the country because of Babri’s obliteration. BJP’s image was vanquished by its own deeds and was looked upon as a party with cynicism and mistrust by countless loyalists to secularism in contemporary India. India was changing. Foreseeing the ramifications and to lighten the fear among the public, BJP’s leaders led by Advani undertook a series of rath yatras & political marches, wherein ‘Ram’-Hindu God was symbolically invoked as the symbol of cultural renaissance. This also aimed to refurbish confidence in the party, and expand its base. It was the most tragic incident in the history of India when riots butchered mankind in name of ‘Ishwar’ and ‘Allah’ and ‘Religion’ was politicized for vote bank.
The immediate impact was that the “mandir-communal” politics overshadowed the “mandal -caste” politics (initiated by V.P Singh providing 27% reservation for other backward classes (OBCs) to cash backward vote bank). As a result, the BJP’s number in Lok Sabha rose to 120 in 1991 from 85 in 1989. The BJP also won state assembly elections in five states in 1991 — UP, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh.
With the similar catastrophic dogma, BJP spreading negative vibes all around the country for the upcoming elections of 2014. In this era of vibrancy and eloquence where public are more interested towards revolutionizing the climate of Indian Political system. It is very unlikely that they will yet again come in the trap of solemnizing the racialism over empowerment of the masses. The communal scape- board in polarizing upon votes across all castes is old and outdated thumb rule, practiced by self-acclaimed leaders. They still need to be told that Leader is one who marches with the masses not break them into pieces. Lately, VHP’s plan of vicious inextricably entwined “84 Koos Parikrama Yatra” was a failure and is no more accepted by healthy mind-sets. It was supported by BJP and Amit Shah, the current UP in-charge also a close aide to Modi started the 2014 bugle from Ayodhya, the age old battleground of BJP. The supremacy of VHP and RSS in BJP has come into spotlight often by all three having same philosophy.
In 2005, the US cable had revealed Advani’s upcoming exit from president’s post. It quoted, “There are several key events that will in the coming months provide indicators as to where the BJP is headed. One is the BJP leadership conference now scheduled for 2005, September 16-18 in Chennai. Media and political observers are predicting that swords could be drawn at the meeting. The RSS could use this venue to make its move to unseat Advani”. Later Advani, announced his resignation as BJP president in the party’s national executive meeting in Chennai in September 2005, and Rajnath Singh took over the party’s control on January 1, 2006, with the RSS’s backing.
Another cable stated that “The RSS and VHP have clear preferences regarding who should replace Vajpayee and Advani. Narendra Modi is the favorite of both groups to replace Vajpayee and become the party’s candidate for PM”.
Right-winged RSS averred its political dominance on BJP in July, 2013; calling for the removal of Advani from his leadership position. It resulted into greater RSS control of BJP and a shift towards an even more deep-seated ‘Hindutva’ agenda. The RSS seems determined to make Modi the BJP leader and candidate for PM. His popularity within the party segments is growing but he rests ostracized in India and acrimonious in Gujarat, his home state.
Anointment of Narendra Modi, who is projected as BJP’s satrap for 2014, resurrected the agony of Advani, who initially resigned from all party position. Modi being the master blaster planned along with the RSS chief and BJP president the entire gambit and portrayed protégé of the BJP. Later, on party pressure poor Advani with not much of option than to say “Ji Huzoor”.
Advani’s hatred for Modi can no more justified, as the leaders of BJP they went gaga about Modi’s Gujarat model and claimed Modi’s strategic competencies have reinvented a developed self-sufficient Gujarat. In fact, it was Advani who prevented the sacking of Modi at Goa in 2002 following the riots. Now, Advani’s level has come to a stature wherin he is excluded from mainframe politics and his absence reinstates. His recently critical comment on Modi’s absurd launch of speech on Independence Day against our honorable PM, shows the sourness.
We can conclude that both with similar track records, where Advani played his card of ekkah- polarizing through riots and so does Modi displayed similar traits.
The clash within the party came out in focus when Advani was miffed over Modi being elected the party’s campaign commitee chief, an event that triggered the split within the NDA with the JD(U).
BJP erstwhile companion thought that this would be the best time to break their silence and blow their trumpet of “BJP chodo aandolan”. Nitish Kumar told reporters, “Those who have betrayed and cornered their own elders have no right to point fingers at others. Those who cannot respect their elders and sideline them within the party have no right to blame us.”
Modi’s portrayal as a BJP’s PM candidate would yield unification and strengthen the Congress party, leading to increase isolation, electoral defeat and marginalization for BJP. Modi, being charge of BJP would also be more anti-American and less cooperative with the US. It is said by BJP leaders that Modi ‘will never forgive the US’ for his treatment.
At the ground level, the priorities of the people are different and even the presence of Modi is not likely to make huge difference to the party’s prospects.
It is like an old wine in a new bottle, BJP would be all the same under Modi’s leadership for 2014. It will still be dependent on the same regular non-party players. The imminent manifestation of not-so-comforting religious ideology prevails within BJP.
BJP has been and still is in a succession struggle between personalities, leave apart serving the Nation and its citizens to the paramount.
‘DIVIDE ET IMPERA’.