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UPA Achievements – A Quick Look

– Compiled by Rachit Seth

manmohan_soniaGandhi

  1. India’s national growth rate of GDP dipped from 6.52% to 5.93% during NDA rule and recovered to 8.47% thereafter
  2. India’s Per Capita Income in 2004-05 was Rs 24,143. It is now increased to Rs 68,747 in 2012-13
  3. 12.70 Crore Job Cards Have Been Issues under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA in  2012-13. In 2006-07 3.7 Crore Job Cards were issued.
  4. Actual expenditure on Minority Schemes have been increased from Rs 143.53 Crores in 2006-07 to Rs. 1593.23 in 2012-13
  5. The  Expenditure on Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was Rs 2,730 Crores (2003-04) to Rs 20, 841 Crores  (2011-12)
  6. The Gross Enrolment Ratio in Primary School has increased from 98.3 %  in 2003-04 to 116% in 2010-11
  7. The Gross Enrolment Ratio in Secondary School has increased from 62.5 %  in 2003-04 to 85.5% in 2010-11
  8. The Expenditure on Health Sector has gone up from Rs 7500 Crores  in 2003-04 to Rs 27,000 Crores  in 2011-2012
  9. The Expenditure on Country’s Defence has consistently increased, Now,it is over 2 Lakh crore.
  10. Expenditure on Mid-Day Meal was Rs 1,325 Crore in 2003-04, It is now Rs 9,890 Crore in 2011-12 (Inflation Adjusted Figures)
  11. India’s Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has come down from 2.9 in 2004 to 2.5 in 2010
  12. More than 2 lakh kilometers of new roads have been added to the rural road network in 9 years
  13. The  annual passengers originating for Indian Railways have increased from 5.1 Crore in 2003-04 to 8.2 Crores  in 2011-12
  14. Indian exports in drugs and pharmaceuticals increased to all time high figure of  Rs 63,347 Crore in 2011-12, while they were  Rs 15,213 crores in 2003-04
  15. The Rate of Unemployment has come down to 6.6% in 2009-10, which was 8.2% in 2003-04
  16. India’s Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 live births ) has come down to 44 in 2011, which was 58 in the year 2004
  17. India ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption in May, 2011. The Convention has entered into force for India on 8th June 2011
  18. The Lokpal and the Lokayukta Bill has been already introduced in the Parliament.
  19. The Public Procurement Bill, 2012 already introduced in Parliament
  20. Grievances Redressal Bill already introduced in Parliament
  21. Foreign Bribery Bill already introduced in Parliament
  22. Judicial Accountability Bill already introduced in Parliament
  23. The Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011 already introduced in Parliament
  24. The Consumer Protection (Amendment) Bill, 2011 already introduced in Parliament
  25. The Prevention of Money Laundering (Amendment) Act passed by UPA
  26. The Electronic Delivery of Services Bill already introduced in Parliament
  27. IPRs of Group ‘A’ Central Officers placed in public domain
  28. Aadhaar- Direct Benefits Transfer- Institutional architecture to facilitate a shift to a system in which benefits from the government would get transferred directly to the bank accounts of individual beneficiaries of various social sector schemes
  29. Benami Transaction (Prohibition) Bill 2011 introduced in Parliament. The Bill elaborately covers definition of ‘benami’ property and transaction, and prohibits benami transactions.
  30. UPA is the Only Government in Modern India to pass the Historic Right to Information Act, 2005 to usher in transparency in governance through citizen participation.
  31. RTI Act has empowered lakhs of individuals and have made the state responsible. A revolution has taken place ever since, and people have become more aware of their rights and procedures
  32. UPA Government is the first Government in India to present a White Paper on “Black Money” in May 2011
  33.  The Cabinet has approved a proposal to set up a special purpose vehicle -GSTN (GSTN SPV) for providing shared IT infrastructure and services to central and state governments, taxpayers, and other stakeholders for implementation of the goods and services tax (GST), both before and after the rollout of GST.
  34. The Government had constituted a Group of Ministers (GoM) in January, 2011,to consider measures that can be taken by the Government to tackle corruption. Government has accepted the recommendations of the Group with minor modifications.
  35. E-Governance- A network of more than 100,000 Common Service Centres for electronic delivery of public services to citizens in rural areas has been rolled out.
  36. Black Money – In the last few years, more than 12,500 pieces of information regarding details of assets and payments received by Indian citizens in several countries including banking information have been obtained and are now under different stages of processing and investigation.
  37. Black Money- In search and seizure action under section 132 of Income Tax Act, the Investigation Wing of the CBDT has detected concealed income of Rs 19,938 crore in the last two (2010 and 2011) financial years
  38. Black Money – With a success rate of about 48 per cent convictions or fiscal compounding in the last six years, one of the highest amongst all law enforcement agencies in India
  39. The Delhi –Mumbai Industrial Corridor  Project being developed on either side of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor as a global manufacturing and investment destination, has made significant strides since inception.
  40. Plans for 7 new cities have been finalised and work on 2 new smart industrial cities at Dholera, Gujarat and Shendra Bidkin, Maharashtra will start during 2013-14. This project incorporates 9 Mega Industrial zones of about 200-250 sq. km. High speed freight line, 3 ports, and 6 air ports
  41. The average rate of economic growth during the self-declared India Shining period of the BJP was just 5.8% per year, as compared to 8.5% during the five year tenure of the Congress-led UPA government.
  42. The strong post-financial-crisis stimulus led to stronger growth in 2009-10 and 2010-11 However, the boost to consumption, coupled with supply side constraints, led to higher inflation. Monetary policy was tightened, even as external headwinds to growth increased
  43. In September, 2012, Government accepted the main recommendations of the Dr. Vijay Kelkar Committee.  A new fiscal consolidation path was announced. Red lines were drawn for the fiscal deficit at 5.3 percent of GDP this year and 4.8 percent of GDP in 2013-14.
  44. The 12th Plan projects an investment of USD 1 trillion or Rs 55,00,000 crore in infrastructure The Plan envisages that the private sector will share 47 % of the investment.
  45. In the last two years, a number of institutions were allowed to issue tax free bonds.  They raised Rs 30,000 crore in 2011-12 and are expected to raise about Rs 25,000 crore in 2012-13 Budget 2013-14 proposes to allow some institutions to issue tax free bonds strictly based on need and capacity to raise money in the market, upto a total sum of Rs50,000 crore.
  46. NABARD operates the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF).  RIDF has successfully utilised 18 tranches so far.  Budget 2013-14 proposes to raise the corpus of RIDF-XIX in 2013-14 to Rs 20,000 crore.
  47. The Cabinet Committee on Investment (CCI) has been set up to monitor investment proposals as well as projects under implementation, including stalled projects, and guide decision-making in order to remove bottlenecks and quicken the pace of implementation
  48. The next corridor will be the Bengaluru Mumbai Industrial Corridor on which preparatory work has started.
  49. Preparatory work has also started for Amritsar-Delhi-Kolkata – Eastern Freight Corridor
  50. Petrol has been deregulated under UPA
  51. Measures including the increase in the price of diesel by Rs 5 per litre, allowing oil marketing companies (OMCs) to raise diesel prices by small amounts regularly, and a cap on the number of subsidized LPG cylinders are expected to rein in the fiscal deficit.
  52. Subsidies on  LPG moderated and has been replaced by cash transfers to the really needy by Aadhaar Based DBT
  53. The battle against inflation must be fought on all fronts.  Our efforts in the past few months have brought down headline WPI inflation to about 7.0 % (2012-13)  and core inflation to about 4.2 % (Feb 2013)
  54. Despite Slowdown Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at factor cost, over the decade ending 2012-13 is 7.9 %
  55. Global economic growth slowed from 3.9 percent in 2011 to 3.2 percent in 2012.India is part of the global economy: our exports and imports amount to 43 percent of GDP and two-way external sector transactions have risen to 108 percent of GDP.
  56. Between 2004 and 2008, and again in 2009-10 and 2010-11, the growth rate was over 8 percent and, in fact, crossed 9 percent in four of those six years
  57. Agricultural GDP growth accelerated in the Eleventh Plan, to an average rate of 3.3. per cent, compared with 2.4 per cent in the Tenth Plan, and 2.5 per cent in the Ninth Plan.
  58. The percentage of the population below the poverty line declined at the rate of 1.5 percentage points (ppt) per year in the period 2004-05 to 2009-10, twice the rate at which it declined in the previous period 1993-94 to 2004-05
  59. The rate of growth of real consumption per capita in rural areas in the period 2004-05 to 2011-12 was 3.4 per cent per year which was four times the rate in the previous period 1993-94 to 2004-05.
  60. The rate of unemployment declined from 8.2 per cent in 2004-05 to 6.6 per cent in 2009-10 reversing the trend observed in the earlier period when it had actually increased from 6.1 per cent in 1993-94 to 8.2 per cent in 2004-05.
  61. Rural real wages increased 6.8 per cent per year in the Eleventh Plan (2007-08 to 2011-12) compared to an average 1.1. per cent per year in the previous decade, led largely by the government’s rural policies and initiatives.
  62. Complete immunization rate increased by 2.1 ppt per year between 2002-04 and 2007-08, compared to a 1.7 ppt fall per year between 1998-99 and 2002-04.
  63. Institutional deliveries increased by 1.6 ppt per year between 2002-04 and 2007-08 higher than the 1.3 ppt increase per year between 1998-99 and 2002-04.
  64. Net enrolment rate at the primary level rose to a near universal 98.3 per cent in 2009-10.  Dropout rate (classes I-VIII) also showed improvements, falling 1.7 ppt per year between 2003-04 and 2009-10, which was twice the 0.8 ppt fall between 1998-99 and 2003-04.
  65. UPA Government has launched the flagship ‘Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana’ in 2007 to reorient the agricultural development strategies to meet the needs of farmers.
  66. The farmer’s participatory system of seed production was given an impetus under the Seed Village Scheme by organizing more than 65,000 seed villages
  67. Agricultural credit is the driver of agricultural production. India will exceed the target of Rs575,000 crore fixed for 2012-13. Budget 2013-14 proposes to increase the target to Rs700,000 crore.
  68. The interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans started, and a farmer who repays the loan on time will be able to get credit at 4 percent per annum
  69. Nutrient based subsidy policy for all fertilizers, other than urea, has been introduced
  70. Production of foodgrains is at an all time record level of over 250 million tonnes with production of rice and wheat estimated at all time record levels of 102 million tonnes and 88 million tonnes respectively
  71. National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A) has been launched, which is helping raising farm productivity and income to global levels through provision of relevant information and services to stakeholders.
  72. India continues to be the largest milk producing nation in the world The Government has approved the National Dairy Plan Phase-I to be implemented during the period 2011-12 to 2016-17. The scheme is being implemented for increasing productivity of milch animals.
  73. The UPA Government has set up a Special Purpose Tea Fund for funding replanting and rejuvenation of old tea bushes for improving the age-profile of tea plantations. Tea has been declared the National Drink
  74. Production of pulses and oilseeds is estimated at 17.28 million tonnes and 30.53 million tonnes respectively.
  75. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna – States and Union Territories have been provided Rs22408.79 Crore from 2007-08 to 2011-12. A sum of Rs 9,954 crore is proposed for the same in 2013-14
  76. A new category of classical languages has been created and Sanskrit,Tamil, Telegu, Kannada and Malyalam have been notified as classical languages.
  77. Rs. 20 crore has been sanctioned for the upgradation of Sardar Patel’s memorials at Ahmedabad and Karamsad.
  78. Commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore/ Swami Vivekananda- As a part of ongoing commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, Ministry of Culture organized a large number of programmes.
  79. For commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Mission, Belur Math is implementing Vivekananda Value Education Programme for propagating the legacy and philosophy of Swami Vivekananda, for which an amount of Rs100 crore would be provided to the Mission.
  80. A capacity of 54,964 MW has been added in the 11th Plan which has a significant contribution from the private sector and the government is making serous efforts to achieve a much higher capacity addition of about 88,000 MW in 12th plan
  81. UPA has launched Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reform Program (R-APDRP) to strengthen the Power Sector
  82. As a new initiative for improving the power distribution infrastructure in the country,Government of India has approved setting up of a National Electricity Fund that would provide interest subsidy on loans disbursed to the Power Distribution Companies in the public as well as private sector
  83. In a bold move to remove fuel supplies bottlenecks, the Government has advised the Coal India Limited to sign Fuel Supply Agreements with the thermal power plants that were either commissioned during the 11th Plan or would be getting commissioned in the first three years of the 12th Plan and that have entered into longterm Power Purchase Agreements with power Distribution Companies.
  84. From 2004 to 2008 – The Government has awarded 72 explorationblocks in the last four years which has increased area under exploration by 30%.
  85. In the First 8 rounds (2000 to 2010) of National Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) , Production Sharing Contracts of 235 exploration blocks have been signed.Under NELP – 104 gas discoveries have been made by pvt/JV companies in 45 blocks
  86. The largest natural gas discovery has been made in Krishna-Godavari basin from where production has already commenced since April 2013. As on March 2012, India’s refinery capacity stands at 213.066 MMTPA.
  87. The Cabinet Committee on Investment (CCI), in its meeting held on April.2013, cleared 25 NELP blocks for continued exploration of Oil and Gas, out of 31 blocks  where work had been stopped on account of security restrictions imposed by the Ministry of Defence
  88. On 20th October, 2012 , The Prime Minister launched Aadhaar Enabled Service Delivery, thus enabling the beneficiaries to get LPG cylinders by using UID-Aadhaar Card. Deliveries in 18 Districts have started from 1st June, 2013
  89. In 2011, Two new refineries came on line at Bina, M.P. and Bhatinda, Punjab.On March 23, 2012, the Prime Minister dedicated GAIL’s 2200 km Dahej-Vijaipur-Dadri-Bawana-Nangal-Bhatinda cross country pipeline to the nation.
  90. Following the events at Fukushima in Japan in March 2011, Government directed safety reviews of all nuclear power reactors,whether in operation or under construction The Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority Bill, 2011 was introduced in Parliament. The Civil
  91. The success of the Government’s international civil nuclear initiative was manifest in the highest ever generation of electricity from nuclear power during the year 2011 at 32,455 million units.
  92. India, under UPA has signed Civil Nuclear Agreements with record number of countries – Russia France, Germany, UK, US, S. Korea, Mongolia, (Japan in Pipeline)
  93. With the discovery of an additional 9620 tonnes of reserves of uranium oxide in Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Meghalaya and Jharkhand, the country’s uranium resources increased to about 1,72,400 tones of uranium oxide.
  94. Wind Energy – The total installed capacity of grid interactive renewable power has reached about 25,000 MW by the end of 2011-12.Of this, about 5,000 MW generation capacity was added during 2011-12, which is the highest ever renewable capacity addition in any one year
  95. India has emerged has emerged as a leader in Asia, and holds 4th rank worldwide in wind power.
  96. Nearly 99 % Enrolment at Primary Level by successfully implementing the “Right to Education Act”. Making Education a Fundamental  Right to All Citizens guaranteed by the Constitution.
  97. Literacy rate in India is now 74 ( Males- 82.1 and Females- 65.5)
  98. A substantial increase from the figures , 10 years ago, ushered by Social Revolution by UPA
  99.  Gross enrolment in higher education, which was 12.3 % in 2006-07, has gone up to 18 % in 2011-12.
  100. A provision has been made for central assistance for setting up of a model degree college in each of the identified 374 educationally backward districts where Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for higher education is less. Out of 153 proposals received, 78 have been approved and 42 are under process.
  101. Massive Expansion in Higher Education –  7 NEW IIM’S , 8 NEW IIT’S, 10 NEW NITs  Established
  102. Since the RTE Act, 2,14,561 Primary and 1,76,361 Upper Primary schools have been sanctioned under SSA till date , of which 96% are operational
  103. 479 residential schools/ hostels to cater to 66,181 children have been sanctioned under SSA out of which 432 are functional.
  104. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas for Upper primary girls-3609 sanctioned, 3501 operational with enrolment of 3.2 lakhs girls.
  105. 19,76,502 teacher posts have been sanctioned under SSA, 12,34,016 have been recruited
  106. 9.94 crore children were supplied free text books in 2012
  107. Uniforms to all girls, SC, ST and BPL children, have been provided for 504.83 lakh children.
  108. Special training for Out-of- School children for age appropriate admission in regular schools has been provided for 27.89 lakh children
  109. 10.54 crore children studying in 12.31 lakh institutions have availed of the Mid Day Meal.
  110. Under the scheme for setting up of 6,000 model schools at Block level at the rate of one school per block  1,880  model schools have been sanctioned out of 2,266 which are approved
  111. Saakshar Bharat has been sanctioned in 372 out of 410 targeted eligible districts in 25 states
  112. About 15.7 lakh literacy learning centres are functioning in different States of the Country.
  113. Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan established its 07 new Regional Offices
  114. 4752 primary and secondary get IT Infrastructure
  115. Teacher Education Scheme – Strengthening of existing institutes of advanced and upgradation of departments of education of universities into institutes of advanced study in education\
  116. 116. Block institutes of Teacher Education (BITEs) in 196 identified SC/ST/Minority concentration districts
  117. 16  new Central Universities established
  118. 10  new National Institutes of Technology (NIT’s) established. 5  new  Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER’s) established
  119. 2  new School of Planning and Architecture established, 6  new Law Universities established
  120. The Scheme for setting up of 20 new IIITs in PPP mode. 15 State Governments having identified land for setting up of the Institutes. Bill in this regard already introduced in Lok Sabha
  121. A grant was provided to set up 26 new polytechnics during the year 2011-12. In addition, the second and third installments were given to 85 and 92 polytechnics. 148 polytechnics were provided grant for women’s hostels.
  122. Under National Mission for Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in Education- Virtual Private Networks and internet connections have been provided to 392 universities and 18,189 colleges/polytechnics across the country.
  123. Advanced Version of Aakash-2 Tablet was launched on 11th Nov, 2012. In the first phase 1,00,000 tablets are being distributed for the purpose of testing by users all over India in different climatic and usage conditions.
  124. National Knowledge Network, connects all higher education institutes through via high speed broadband network
  125. Common Admission Examination Process with Weightage to Performance in Class 12th Board from 2013
  126. The Government has approved the proposal for Strengthening and Restructuring of ICDS Scheme with an over-all budget allocation of Rs. 1,108,503 crore during 12th Five Year Plan
  127. India’s Life Expectancy has been increased to 66.1 (2010) from 61.9 (2000)
  128. Life Expectation at Birth increased to 69.6 for Females and 67.3 for Males
  129. Since the launch of the National Rural Health Mission, over 1.57 lakh personnel have been added to the health system during 2005-12.
  130. Infrastructure has been strengthened by taking up 594 District Hospitals, 2,721 Community Health Centres, 5,459 Primary Health Centres and 31,001 Sub-Centres for new construction or renovation.
  131. The Crude Birth Rate (CBR) at the National Level at 22.1 in 2010 declined 1.7 points over 2005-12 The Crude Death Rate during the same period ndeclined by 0.4 points.
  132. Infant Mortality Rate has registered a decline from 58 per 1000 live births in 2005 to 44 per 1000 live births in 2011
  133. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) which stood to 2.88 in 2004 declined to 2.5 in 2010
  134. The Maternal Mortality Ratio declined from 254 in 2004-06 to 212 in 2007-09
  135. Over 8.6 Lakh ASHAs appointed to act as bridge between the communities and the health facilities in villages
  136. A total of 70,000 beds have been increased in government health institutions for provision of essential and emergency services.
  137. Scheme for the promotion of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls of rural areas in the age group of 10-19 years covering 1.5 crore girls in 152 districts of 20 states. Girls get sanitary napkins at Rs1 per pack of 6
  138. No polio case has been reported in the country since January 2011 owing to immunization drives. The World Health Organisation has taken India out of the list of polio-endemic countries.
  139. Mortality due to Kala-Azar has shown a declining trend. The total number of reported Dengue cases was also lower in 2011 as compared to 2010.
  140. HIV – The numbers of new annual infections have decreased by 56% over the past decade and the epidemic has begun to stabilize. NACP- III has been acclaimed globally as a successful programme.
  141. The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, came into existence as a separate Ministry with effect from 30 January, 2006.
  142. Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 – was passed by Parliament in May, 2012 to address the issue of child sexual abuse,
  143. Under Integrated Child Protection Scheme – 548 Child Welfare Committees and 561 Juvenile Justice Boards have now been established.
  144. Emergency Outreach Services through Childline 1098 has been expanded to 264 cities/districts of the country
  145. The National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) was launched by the Government of India on International Women’s Day in 2010 strengthen the inter-sector convergence . Mission headed by Prime Minister of India
  146. Government has launched an Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Campaign against malnutrition  with pro-bono services from Shri Aamir Khan
  147. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act was passed by Parliament on February 26, 2013
  148. ICDS Scheme has  been universalised with effect from 2008-09. There were just 5267 Projects-operational under ICDS in 2004. Now there are 13.71 lakhs
  149. A total of 9.72 Crore (9,72,655,22 ) beneficiaries have benefitted through the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) as on January, 2013 out out which 7.46 Crore (7,46,809,32)  are children in the age group of 0-6 years
  150. There are 13.71 lakhs as on January 2013.  The restructured and strengthened ICDS is been Anganwadi centres rolled out in 3 phases with focus on the 200 high burden districts for malnutrition during 2012-13 and additional 200 districts in 2013-14  including districts from the special category States and NER and the remaining districts in 2014-15.

1 Comment on UPA Achievements – A Quick Look

  1. Shozib Anis // June 21, 2013 at 3:22 am // Reply

    If you put aside the issue of corruption, one cannot deny the fact that the nation has moved ahead in terms of good and transparent governance under the flag of UPA and leadership of the prime minister and of course Mrs. Sonia Gandhi. Without going into minute details, just look at few things like RTI act, RTE act, and MNREGA. These three are milestones. First RTI, we Indians never thought about such acts or provisions. Just file a simple application and you get any information from any government office and we all know how from babus to bureaucrats, all get into tears the day they got an RTI. Second RTE, can ever a poor man think of getting his child admitted in DPS or GD GOENKA or any good school, but this act make it happen. Third the MNREGA, this one the biggest, right to work. Though still need to be implemented and extended more, a big population got the right to work. Just think that before these acts came into force, ever any Indian had such things in mind before. So, though I personally did not vote for congress in last elections, I feel Congress as single national party needs to come back.

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